Taxon: Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. P. C. Barton

 
Genus: Chimaphila
Family: Ericaceae
  Subfamily: Monotropoideae
      Tribe: Pyroleae
Nomen number: 402538
Place of publication: Veg. mater. med. U.S. 1:17. 1817
Name Verified on: 13-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Nov-2002
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Jilin, - Liaoning, - Nei Monggol
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Khabarovsk, - Sakhalin
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Former Yugoslavia; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Minnesota
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia, - Manitoba

References:

  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  • Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 1993-1997 (Atlas Tenn)
  • Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa The vascular plants of Iowa. 1994 (L Iowa)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hultén, O. E. G. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories. 1968 (F AlaskaHult)
  • Hultén, O. E. G. Flora of Alaska and Yukon. 1940-1949 (F AlaskaYuk)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Lyke, J. Appendix D. Medicinal plants native to the United States: indicators of rarity and threat. 2001 (Med Pl Native US)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. 1980 (F New Mex)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. 1967- (F Ohio)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. 1993 (F Utah ed2)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

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