Taxon: Viola sororia Willd.

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 402751
Place of publication: Hort. berol. 1: t. 72. 1806
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 14-Nov-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Nov-2014
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 21 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Northwest Territory]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Violaceae&GenusID=Viola&SpeciesID=sororia), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. American Herbal Products Association Herbs of commerce. 1992 (Herbs Commerce)
  3. Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. Shinner's and Mahler's illustrated flora of North Central Texas. (F NC Tex)
  4. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  5. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  6. Hinds, H. R. Flora of New Brunswick, ed. 2. (F New Brunswick)
  7. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  8. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  9. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  10. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  12. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  13. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  14. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  16. McKinney, L. A. 1992. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (Viola) of North America Sida, Bot. Misc. 7:34.
  17. McKinney, L. E. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (Viola) of North America. 1992 (Blue Violets NA)
  18. McKinney, L. E. & N. H. Russell 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States (Castanea) 67:378.
  19. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  20. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  21. Russell, N. H. 1965. Violets (Viola) of central and eastern United States: An introductory survey (Sida) 2:60.
  22. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  23. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. (F WVa)
  24. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  25. Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)

Check other web resources for Viola sororia Willd. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola sororia cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?402751. Accessed 21 April 2018.