Taxon: Cyperus squarrosus L.

 
Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
  Subfamily: Cyperoideae
      Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 402843
Place of publication: Cent. pl. II:6. 1756 (Amoen. acad. 4:303. 1759)
Name Verified on: 09-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Dec-2009
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: (fide Kew Bull 56:308. 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Yemen - Socotra
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Central African Republic; Rwanda; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • China: China - Sichuan, - Yunnan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Lesser Sunda Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Northern Territory, - Queensland, - South Australia, - Victoria, - Western Australia
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, - Baja Sur, - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sonora
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - District of Columbia, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Oaxaca, - Yucatan
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Aruba; Bermuda; Cuba; Netherlands Antilles
    • Central America: Guatemala
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

References:

  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • CONABIO Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad en Mexico. Sistema Integrado de Información Taxonómica (SIIT) (on-line resource). (CONABIO)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foreman, D. B. & N. G. Walsh Flora of Victoria. 1993- (F Victoria)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  • Gibbs Russell, G. E. et al. List of species of Southern African plants, ed. 2. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa v. 51. 1985; v. 56. 1987 (L SAfr)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. A. Simpson World checklist of Cyperaceae, sedges. 2007 (L Cyperaceae)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Haines, R. W. & K. A. Lye Sedges and rushes of East Africa. 1983 (Sedge EAfr)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. 1990-1993 (F NSWales)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4. 1986 (F SAust)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rye, B. L. 1997. A synopsis of the annual species of Cyperaceae from central and southern Western Australia (Nuytsia) 11:407.
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson Flora of Hassan district. 1976 (F Hassan)
  • Simpson, D. A. & C. A. Inglis 2001. Cyperaceae of economic, ethnobotanical and horticultural importance: a checklist Kew Bull. 56:308.
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross Flora of south-eastern Queensland. 1983-1989 (F SE Queensl)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Tucker, G. C. 1994. Revision of the Mexican species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43:87.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Synonyms:

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