Taxon: Actaea pachypoda Elliott

Genus: Actaea
    Section: Actaea
Family: Ranunculaceae
  Subfamily: Ranunculoideae
      Tribe: Actaeeae
Nomen number: 404128
Place of publication: Sketch bot. S. Carolina 2:15. 1821
Name Verified on: 02-Jan-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Jun-2006
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Man HerbPl)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury, as A. alba; Lampe & McCann; Moldenke)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Oklahoma, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Compton, J. A. & A. Culham 2004. Neotypification of Actaea pachypoda Elliott (Ranunculaceae) (Taxon) 53:163-165.
  • Compton, J. A. et al. 1998. Reclassification of Actaea to include Cimicifuga and Souliea (Ranunculaceae): phylogeny inferred from morphology, nrDNA ITS, and cpDNA trnL-F sequence variation (Taxon) 47:615.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa The vascular plants of Iowa. 1994 (L Iowa)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Keener, C. S. 1977. Studies in the Ranunculaceae of the southeastern United States: 6. Miscellaneous genera (Sida) 7:3.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Moldenke, H. N. Poisonous plants of the world. Pamphlet, 3rd ed. 1951 (Moldenke)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Still, S. M. Manual of herbaceous ornamental plants, ed. 4. 1994 (Man HerbPl)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


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