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Taxon: Buglossoides purpurocaerulea (L.) I. M. Johnst.

Genus: Buglossoides
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Lithospermeae
Nomen number: 407009
Place of publication: J. Arnold Arbor. 35:44. 1954 "purpureo-caeruleum"
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 21-Mar-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • blue gromwell  (Source: Pulmonaria) - English
  • purple gromwell  (Source: F BritStace) - English
  • grémil pourpre-bleu  (Source: Pulmonaria) - French
  • blauer Steinsame  (Source: Pulmonaria) - German
  • blauroter Steinsame  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • purpurblauer Steinsame  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • rotblauer Steinsame  (Source: Pulmonaria) - German
  • färgväxlare  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • vorobejnik fioletovyj  (Source: F Armenia) - Transliterated Russian
  • vorobejnik purpurno-goluboj  (Source: Pulmonaria) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Zander ed16, as Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum; H. Riedl, pers. comm. 1996; Pulmonaria 89.)

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain

    Cultivated (also cult.)


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bennett, M. 2003. Pulmonarias and the Borage family 89.
  3. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press. Note: = Aegonychon "purpureocaeruleum" (L.) Holub
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: = Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum L.
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage Note: lists as "purpureocaeruleum"; = Lithospermum "purpureocaeruleum" L.
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). Note: = Aegonychon purpurocaeruleum (L.) Holub
  7. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist. Note: = Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum L.
  8. Hilger, H. H. et al. 2005. The Euro+Med treatment of Boraginaceae in Willdenowia 34 – a response. Willdenowia 35:46.
  9. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: lists as "purpureo-caeruleum"
  10. Riedl, H. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  11. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles. Note: lists as "purpureocaerulea"; = Lithospermum purpureocaeruleum L.
  12. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.

Check other web resources for Buglossoides purpurocaerulea (L.) I. M. Johnst. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?407009. Accessed 21 July 2019.