Taxon: Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.

Genus: Tsuga
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 40705
Place of publication: Silva 12:73. 1899
Name Verified on: 15-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Materials: fiber (fide Ency WTimber)
  • Materials: wood (fide Ency WTimber)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    • Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Farjon, A. World checklist and bibliography of conifers. 1998 (L Conifers)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Garibaldi, A. Medicinal flora of the Alaska natives: a compilation of knowledge from literary sources of Aleut, Alutiiq, Athabascan, Eyak, Haida, Inupiat, Tlingit, Tsimshian traditional healing methods using plants. 1999 (Med F AlaskaNat)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code). 2000 (ICBN St Louis) Art. 7.4, Ex. 2.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard) 4:526.
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada) 2:188.
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae Phytologia Mem. 8:215.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)


Check other web resources for Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Tsuga heterophylla cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.