Taxon: Tussilago farfara L.

Genus: Tussilago
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Senecioneae
Subtribe: Tussilagininae
Nomen number: 40789
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:865. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 30-Apr-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (herb fide Guide Dietary Suppl)
  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China Anhui, Zhejiang, Henan, Hebei, Hunan, Hubei, Gansu, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Jilin, Guizhou, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Xizang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Primorye
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Cyprus ; Iran ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh; Nepal ; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Faroe Islands ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Iceland
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Minnesota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Western Canada: Canada British Columbia


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2. (F BritClap)
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard) 4:541.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:133.
  • Parsa, A. Flore de l'Iran. (F IranPars)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Press, J. R. et al. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource). 2000- (L Nepal Online)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  • Talbott, S. M. & Hughes, K. The health professional's guide to dietary supplements. 2007 (Guide Dietary Suppl) 168.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Tussilago farfara L. :


  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image