Taxon: Typha angustifolia L.

Genus: Typha
Family: Typhaceae
      Tribe: Typheae
Nomen number: 40799
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:971. 1753
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Virginia
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Manitoba

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • : North America


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  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Aquatic and wetland plants of southwestern United States, 2 vol. 1975 (Aquat SW US)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol. 1979-1981 (Aquat SE US)
  • Hess, H. E. et al. Flora der Schweiz, ed. 2. 1976 (F Switz)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Medicinal plants in China: a selection of 150 commonly used species. WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series no. 2. 1989 (Med Pl China)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Morton, J. F. 1975. Cattails (Typha spp.) - weed problem or potential crop? Econ. Bot. 29:9.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. 1958 (F LowYangtze)
  • Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource). (F Wisconsin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

Check other web resources for Typha angustifolia L. :


  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image