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Taxon: Viola bicolor Pursh

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 408342
Place of publication: Fl. Amer. sept. 1:175. 1813
Link to protologue:
Comment: for date of this publication see Taxon 57:305. 2008
Name Verified on: 05-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • cupid's-delight  (Source: F NC Tex) - English
  • field pansy  (Source: F NC Tex) - English
  • heart's-ease  (Source: F NC Tex) - English
  • Johnny-jump-up  (Source: F GPlains) - English
  • wild pansy  (Source: Glea Cron ed2) - English

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska (s.), Oklahoma, South Dakota]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona (Gila Co. (natzd.?))]


References:

  1. Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. 1999. Shinner's and Mahler's illustrated flora of North Central Texas.
  2. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  3. Kartesz, J. T. & K. N. Gandhi. 1990. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora. III. Phytologia 69:135.
  4. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  5. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. Note: = Viola rafinesquii
  6. McKinney, L. E. & N. H. Russell. 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 67:372.
  7. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida

Check other web resources for Viola bicolor Pursh :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola bicolor cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?408342. Accessed 18 February 2020.