Taxon: Ulmus pumila L.

Genus: Ulmus
  Subgenus: Ulmus
    Section: Ulmus
Family: Ulmaceae
Nomen number: 40851
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:226. 1753
Comment: page number verified from original publication
Name Verified on: 03-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 442 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for land reclamation fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for elms (to Dutch Elm Disease fide New Trees 881. 2009)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Gansu, - Hebei, - Heilongjiang, - Henan, - Jilin, - Liaoning, - Nei Monggol, - Ningxia, - Qinghai, - Shaanxi, - Shandong, - Shanxi, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang, - Xizang
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye, - Amur
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Grimshaw, J. & R. Bayton New trees: recent introductions to cultivation. 2009 (New Trees) 881.
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2 Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). 1977-1982 (F Chiangsu)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. 1979 (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. 1958 (F LowYangtze)
  • Todzia, C. A. & J. L. Panero 1998. A new species of Ulmus (Ulmaceae) from southern Mexico and a synopsis of the species in Mexico (Brittonia) 50:346.
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9. 1987 (F Utah)
  • Wiegrefe, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Ulmus pumila L. :


  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image