Taxon: Urtica dioica L.

 
Genus: Urtica
Family: Urticaceae
Nomen number: 40944
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:984. 1753
Name Verified on: 12-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Nov-2002
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Gansu, - Sichuan, - Qinghai, - Xinjiang, - Xizang
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, - Sonora
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Delaware, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Alberta, - Manitoba, - British Columbia

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

References:

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