Taxon: Persicaria amphibia (L.) Delarbre

 
Genus: Persicaria
Family: Polygonaceae
  Subfamily: Polygonoideae
      Tribe: Persicarieae
Nomen number: 409764
Place of publication: Fl. Auvergne ed. 2:519. 1800 (S. F. Gray, Nat. arr. Brit. pl. 2:268. 1822)
Comment: according to J. L. Reveal (pers. comm. via e-mail on 1 May 2010) publication of this book took place on 10 Jan 1822, not 1 Nov 1821 as indicated in TL-2
Name Verified on: 15-Aug-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Jan-2015
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • amphibious bistort  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • water persicaria  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • water smartweed  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • willow-grass  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • renouée amphibie  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • poligono anfibio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Italian
  • liang qi liao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard, as Polygonum amphibium L.)
  • Weed: (fide Weed CIBA, as Polygonum amphibium L.; F CalifJep, as Polygonum amphibium L.)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Tunisia
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa - Free State, - Transvaal
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Anhui, - Heilongjiang, - Henan, - Hebei, - Hunan, - Hubei, - Gansu, - Jiangsu, - Jilin, - Guizhou, - Liaoning, - Shanxi, - Shandong, - Shaanxi, - Sichuan, - Qinghai, - Yunnan, - Nei Monggol, - Ningxia, - Xinjiang, - Xizang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu; Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay; Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Lebanon; Syria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Faroe Islands; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; Greenland; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Alberta, - Manitoba, - British Columbia

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

    Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa Flora of Himachal Pradesh. 1984 (F Himachal)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. Flora of southern Africa. 1963- (F SAfr)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Galasso, G. 2011. Review of Polygonaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. 1979 (F Manshur)
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. 1996- (F Arabia)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

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