Taxon: Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton

Genus: Vaccinium
    Section: Cyanococcus
Family: Ericaceae
  Subfamily: Vaccinioideae
      Tribe: Vaccinieae
Nomen number: 40981
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 2:11. 1789
Name Verified on: 14-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Sep-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 60 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • blueberry  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • early lowbush blueberry  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • late sweet blueberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • low sweet blueberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • lowbush blueberry  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • sweethurts  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • upland lowbush blueberry  (Source: Castanea) - English
  • bleuet à feuilles étroites  (Source: F NAmer) - French

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Krussmann; Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: crop quality for highbush blueberry (fide Acta Hort 810:51. 2009)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for highbush blueberry (fide Acta Hort 810:51. 2009)
  • Gene sources: early maturity for highbush blueberry (fide Acta Hort 810:51. 2009)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of highbush blueberry (based on crosses between this tetraploid and Vaccinium corymbosum fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 119. 2008; Acta Hort 810:51. 2009)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of lowbush blueberry (fide Acta Hort 810:51. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of rabbit-eye blueberry (based on partially fertile pentaploids resulting from crosses with V. virgatum fide Acta Hort 810:55. 2009)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba

  • Cultivated:

  • Northern America

    • : Canada


  • Ballington, J. R. 2009. The role of interspecific hybridization in blueberry improvement Acta Hort. 810:49-60.
  • Ballington, J. R. 2009. The role of interspecific hybridization in blueberry improvement Acta Hort. 810:49-60.
  • Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. 1940 (F Indiana)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Blueberries and cranberries (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 4:115-149.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. 1967- (F Ohio)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Song, G.-Q. & J. F. Hancock 2011. Chapter 10. Vaccinium (Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr) 197-221.
  • Uttal, L. J. 1987. The genus Vaccinium L. (Ericaceae) in Virginia (Castanea) 52:239.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. 1983. The taxonomy of Vaccinium section Cyanococcus: a summation Canad. J. Bot. 61:256-266.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. 1978. Systematics, distribution, and nomenclature of the polymorphic Vaccinium angustifolium (Rhodora) 80:363.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:303.
  • Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. 2011 (F S Mid Atl US)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image