Taxon: Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx.

Genus: Vaccinium
Section: Cyanococcus
Family: Ericaceae
Subfamily: Vaccinioideae
Tribe: Vaccinieae
Nomen number: 41039
Place of publication: Fl. bor.-amer. 1:234. 1803
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 14-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

  • Canada blueberry  (Source: Cornucopia) - English
  • sourtop  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • sourtop blueberry  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • velvetleaf blueberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • bleuet fausse-myrtille  (Source: F NAmer) - French

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (used in N. America, fide Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for lowbush blueberry (fide Wild Crop Rel Temp Fr 198. 2011)
  • Gene sources: crop quality for lowbush blueberry (fide Wild Crop Rel Temp Fr 198. 2011)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of lowbush blueberry (fide Acta Hort 810:50. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of highbush blueberry (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 119. 2008)

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Northwest Territory (s.)]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland (Labrador), Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana (n.), Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio (n.e.), Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois (n.), Iowa (n.e.), Minnesota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Montana (n.)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Virginia (w.)]


  1. Ballington, J. R. 2009. The role of interspecific hybridization in blueberry improvement Acta Hort. 810:49-60.
  2. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  3. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  4. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  5. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Blueberries and cranberries (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 4:115-149.
  6. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  7. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  8. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  9. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  11. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  12. Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  13. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  14. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  15. Ratnaparkhe, M. B. 2007. Chapter 10. Blueberry (Genome Map Mol Breed) 4:217-227.
  16. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  17. Song, G.-Q. & J. F. Hancock 2011. Chapter 10. Vaccinium (Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr) 197-221.
  18. Uttal, L. J. 1986. Updating the genus Vaccinium L. (Ericaceae) in West Virginia (Castanea) 51:199.
  19. Uttal, L. J. 1987. The genus Vaccinium L. (Ericaceae) in Virginia (Castanea) 52:237.
  20. Vander Kloet, S. P. 1983. The taxonomy of Vaccinium section Cyanococcus: a summation Canad. J. Bot. 61:256-266.
  21. Vander Kloet, S. P. 1994. The burning tolerance of Vaccinium myrtilloides Michaux Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 74:577-579.
  22. Vander Kloet, S. P. & I. V. Hall 1981. The biological flora of Canada. 2. Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx., velvet-leaf blueberry Canad. Field-Naturalist 95:329-345.
  23. Vander Kloet, S. P. & J. Pither 2000. Is fall burning preferable to spring burning for promoting growth characteristics favorable for mechanical harvesting in Vaccinium myrtilloides Michaux? (HortScience) 35:608-610.
  24. Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. (F S Mid Atl US)
  25. Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. (Atlas Penn)
  26. Yarborough, D. E. 2012. Establishment and management of the cultivated lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) Int. J. Fruit Sci. 12:14-22.

Check other web resources for Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 18 June 2018.