Taxon: Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx.

Genus: Vaccinium
Section: Cyanococcus
Family: Ericaceae
Subfamily: Vaccinioideae
Tribe: Vaccinieae
Nomen number: 41039
Place of publication: Fl. bor.-amer. 1:234. 1803
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 14-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • Canada blueberry  (Source: Cornucopia) - English
  • sourtop  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • sourtop blueberry  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • velvetleaf blueberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • bleuet fausse-myrtille  (Source: F NAmer) - French

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (used in N. America, fide Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for lowbush blueberry (fide Wild Crop Rel Temp Fr 198. 2011)
  • Gene sources: crop quality for lowbush blueberry (fide Wild Crop Rel Temp Fr 198. 2011)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of lowbush blueberry (fide Acta Hort 810:50. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of highbush blueberry (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 119. 2008)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Montana
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Virginia
    • Subarctic America: Canada Northwest Territory
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan


  • Ballington, J. R. 2009. The role of interspecific hybridization in blueberry improvement Acta Hort. 810:49-60.
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Blueberries and cranberries (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 4:115-149.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Ratnaparkhe, M. B. 2007. Chapter 10. Blueberry (Genome Map Mol Breed) 4:217-227.
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Song, G.-Q. & J. F. Hancock 2011. Chapter 10. Vaccinium (Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr) 197-221.
  • Uttal, L. J. 1986. Updating the genus Vaccinium L. (Ericaceae) in West Virginia (Castanea) 51:199.
  • Uttal, L. J. 1987. The genus Vaccinium L. (Ericaceae) in Virginia (Castanea) 52:237.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. 1983. The taxonomy of Vaccinium section Cyanococcus: a summation Canad. J. Bot. 61:256-266.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. 1994. The burning tolerance of Vaccinium myrtilloides Michaux Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 74:577-579.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. & I. V. Hall 1981. The biological flora of Canada. 2. Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx., velvet-leaf blueberry Canad. Field-Naturalist 95:329-345.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. & J. Pither 2000. Is fall burning preferable to spring burning for promoting growth characteristics favorable for mechanical harvesting in Vaccinium myrtilloides Michaux? (HortScience) 35:608-610.
  • Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. (F S Mid Atl US)
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. (Atlas Penn)
  • Yarborough, D. E. 2012. Establishment and management of the cultivated lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) Int. J. Fruit Sci. 12:14-22.


Check other web resources for Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx. :