Taxon: Vaccinium myrtillus L.

 
Genus: Vaccinium
Section: Myrtillus
Family: Ericaceae
Subfamily: Vaccinioideae
Tribe: Vaccinieae
Nomen number: 41040
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:349. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 14-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 45 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring (for wine)
  • Bee plants: honey production ()
  • Human food: beverage base ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Animal food: forage (for wildlife)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of bilberry (based on selection of natural stands)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of bilberry (as a diploid)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of lingonberry (based on natural hybrids with Vaccinium vitis-idaea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of bilberry (based on its tetraploid or hexaploid constitution)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of highbush blueberry (based on distant affinities to Vaccinium corymbosum)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff ()
  • Medicines: folklore (contains anthocianidoses)
  • Medicines: folklore ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey (n.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Honshu (n. & c.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland (s.w.)
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.w.), British Columbia (s.e.)]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado (w.), Idaho, Montana (w.), Oregon (n.), Washington (e.), Wyoming (w.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona (n.), Nevada, Utah (e.)]


References:

  1. (on-line resource). (web document)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Bassil, N. V. et al. 2010. Microsatellite markers distinguish Hawaiian ohelo from other Vaccinium L. section Myrtillus species Acta Hort. 859:81-88.
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  5. Dorn, R. D. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 1977 (F Wyom)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  10. Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  14. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Blueberries and cranberries (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 4:115-149.
  15. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  16. Hokkanen, J. et al. 2009. Identification of phenolic compunds from lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), bilberry (Vaccnium myrtillus L.) and hybrid bilberry (Vaccinium × intermedium Ruthe L.) leaves J. Agric. Food Chem. 57:9437-9447.
  17. Hummer, K. 2013. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  20. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  22. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  23. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  24. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  25. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. (F Baltic)
  26. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  27. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  28. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  30. Morazzoni, P. & E. Bombardelli 1996. Fitoterapia 66:3-29.
  31. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  32. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  33. Powell, E. A. & K. A. Kron 2002. Hawaiian blueberries and their relatives - A phylogenetic analysis of Vaccinium sections Macropelma, Myrtillus, and Hemimyrtillus (Ericaceae) Syst. Bot. 27:768-779.
  34. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  35. Shibli, R. A. & M. A. L. Smith 1996. Direct shoot regeneration from Vaccinium pahalae (Ohelo) and V. myrtillus (bilberry) leaf explants (HortScience) 31:1225-1228.
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  39. Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9. (F Utah)
  40. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Vaccinium myrtillus L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?41040. Accessed 23 April 2018.