Taxon: Vaccinium myrtillus L.

 
Genus: Vaccinium
    Section: Myrtillus
Family: Ericaceae
  Subfamily: Vaccinioideae
      Tribe: Vaccinieae
Nomen number: 41040
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:349. 1753
Name Verified on: 14-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 45 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring (for wine fide F USSR)
  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F USSR)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Pl Book)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Book)
  • Animal food: forage (for wildlife fide HortSci 31:1225. 1996)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of bilberry (based on selection of natural stands fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 116, 128. 2008; as a diploid fide K. Hummer, pers. comm.)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of lingonberry (based on natural hybrids with Vaccinium vitis-idaea fide J Agr Food Chem 57:9437. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of bilberry (based on its tetraploid or hexaploid constitution fide K. Hummer, pers.comm.)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of highbush blueberry (based on distant affinities to Vaccinium corymbosum fide Syst Bot 27:773, 775. 2002)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide F USSR)
  • Medicines: folklore (contains anthocianidoses fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Greenland
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia

References:

  • (on-line resource). (web document)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bassil, N. V. et al. 2010. Microsatellite markers distinguish Hawaiian ohelo from other Vaccinium L. section Myrtillus species Acta Hort. 859:81-88.
  • Bassil, N. V. et al. 2010. Microsatellite markers distinguish Hawaiian ohelo from other Vaccinium L. section Myrtillus species Acta Hort. 859:81-88.
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
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  • Hokkanen, J. et al. 2009. Identification of phenolic compunds from lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), bilberry (Vaccnium myrtillus L.) and hybrid bilberry (Vaccinium × intermedium Ruthe L.) leaves J. Agric. Food Chem. 57:9437-9447.
  • Hummer, K. 2013. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
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  • Shibli, R. A. & M. A. L. Smith 1996. Direct shoot regeneration from Vaccinium pahalae (Ohelo) and V. myrtillus (bilberry) leaf explants (HortScience) 31:1225-1228.
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  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Vaccinium myrtillus L. :