Taxon: Triadica sebifera (L.) Small

Genus: Triadica
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Hippomaneae
Subtribe: Hippomaninae
Nomen number: 410718
Place of publication: Man. s.e. fl. 789. 1933
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Sep-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

  • candleberry-tree  (Source: F LowYangtze) - English
  • Chinese tallowtree  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • popcorntree  (Source: Rep NCEPPC) - English
  • tallowtree  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • arbre à suif  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • boiré  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesischer Talgbaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • kasumbi  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Indonesian
  • kirendang  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Indonesian (Java)
  • nankin-haze  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • árvore-do-sebo  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • pau-do-sebo  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • leiteiro  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • árbol del sebo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • kinesiskt talgträd  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • wu jiu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: shade/shelter ()
  • Human food: oil/fat (fide Cornucopia, as Sapium sebiferum; CultTropS, as Sapium sebiferum; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide Goffman & Gomez 1996, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: lipids (for manufacturing candles and soaps fide Dict Econ Pl, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff ()
  • Materials: wax (oil used for manufacturing candles and soaps, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: wood ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 14:139. 2001)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: ()
  • Weed: (as Sapium sebiferum)

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam


    • CAUCASUS: Georgia
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Taiwan


    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Pakistan
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Singapore

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  4. Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  5. Esser, H.-J. 1999. A partial revision of the Hippomaneae (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia (Blumea) 44:197-206.
  6. Esser, H.-J. 2002. A revision of Triadica Lour. (Euphorbiaceae) Harvard Pap. Bot. 7:19-21.
  7. Esser, H.-J. et al. 1997. A phylogenetic classification of the Malesian Hippomaneae (Euphorbiaceae) Syst. Bot. 22:620.
  8. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  10. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  11. Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  12. USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  13. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & B. E. Umali, eds. 2001. Vegetable oils and fats (Pl Res SEAs) 14:138-142.
  14. Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. (F S Mid Atl US)
  15. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  16. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Triadica sebifera (L.) Small :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 17 July 2018.