Taxon: Triadica sebifera (L.) Small

Genus: Triadica
Family: Euphorbiaceae
  Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
      Tribe: Hippomaneae
        Subtribe: Hippomaninae
Nomen number: 410718
Place of publication: Man. s.e. fl. 789. 1933
Name Verified on: 12-Sep-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 19 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide PROTA4U)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: oil/fat (fide Cornucopia, as Sapium sebiferum; CultTropS, as Sapium sebiferum; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide Goffman & Gomez 1996, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: lipids (for manufacturing candles and soaps fide Dict Econ Pl, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide PROTA4U)
  • Materials: wax (oil used for manufacturing candles and soaps fide Dict Econ Pl, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: wood (fide PROTA4U)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 14:139. 2001)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Weed: (fide Rep NCEPPC, as Sapium sebiferum; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Anhui, - Fujian, - Gansu, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hainan, - Hubei, - Jiangsu, - Jiangxi, - Shaanxi, - Shandong, - Sichuan, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Vietnam

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Singapore
  • Northern America

    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - South Carolina

  • Cultivated:

    • :
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Taiwan


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Esser, H.-J. 1999. A partial revision of the Hippomaneae (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia (Blumea) 44:197-206.
  • Esser, H.-J. 2002. A revision of Triadica Lour. (Euphorbiaceae) Harvard Pap. Bot. 7:19-21.
  • Esser, H.-J. et al. 1997. A phylogenetic classification of the Malesian Hippomaneae (Euphorbiaceae) Syst. Bot. 22:620.
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. 1958 (F LowYangtze)
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Vossen, H. A. M. van der & B. E. Umali, eds. 2001. Vegetable oils and fats (Pl Res SEAs) 14:138-142.
  • Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. 2011 (F S Mid Atl US)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


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