Taxon: Veratrum viride Aiton

Genus: Veratrum
Section: Veratrum
Family: Melanthiaceae
Tribe: Melanthieae
Nomen number: 41142
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 3:422. 1789
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Feb-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Feb-2011
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • American false hellebore  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • American white-hellebore  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • American-hellebore  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • giant false helleborine  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • green false hellebore  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • green veratrum  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • Indian poke  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • itchweed  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • vérâtre verti  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • grüner Germer  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • grön nysrot  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; F CalifJep)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: plant pest control (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: (fide Biology of Canadian weeds 79. 1995)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States California
    • Subarctic America: Canada Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mulligan, G. A. & D. B. Munro 1995. The biology of Canadian weeds 79:272-281.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Veratrum viride Aiton :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image