Taxon: Veratrum viride Aiton

 
Genus: Veratrum
    Section: Veratrum
Family: Melanthiaceae
      Tribe: Melanthieae
Nomen number: 41142
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 3:422. 1789
Name Verified on: 15-Feb-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Feb-2011
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 9 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • American false hellebore  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • American white-hellebore  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • American-hellebore  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • giant false helleborine  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • green false hellebore  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • green veratrum  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • Indian poke  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • itchweed  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • vérâtre verti  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • grüner Germer  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • grön nysrot  (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; F CalifJep)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: plant pest control (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: (fide Biology of Canadian weeds 79. 1995)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Georgia, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Garibaldi, A. Medicinal flora of the Alaska natives: a compilation of knowledge from literary sources of Aleut, Alutiiq, Athabascan, Eyak, Haida, Inupiat, Tlingit, Tsimshian traditional healing methods using plants. 1999 (Med F AlaskaNat)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mulligan, G. A. & D. B. Munro 1995. The biology of Canadian weeds 79:272-281.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. 1969 (F NEng)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Veratrum viride Aiton :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image