Taxon: Veratrum viride Aiton

 
Genus: Veratrum
Section: Veratrum
Family: Melanthiaceae
Tribe: Melanthieae
Nomen number: 41142
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 3:422. 1789
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 15-Feb-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Feb-2011
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • American false hellebore  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • American white-hellebore  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • American-hellebore  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • giant false helleborine  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • green false hellebore  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • green veratrum  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • Indian poke  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • itchweed  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • vérâtre verti  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • grüner Germer  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • grön nysrot  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; F CalifJep)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: plant pest control ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: (fide Biology of Canadian weeds 79. 1995)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Monocots&FamilyID=Liliaceae&GenusID=Veratrum&SpeciesID=viride), Virginia]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  5. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  6. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  7. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  8. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  9. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  10. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  11. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  12. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  14. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  15. Mulligan, G. A. & D. B. Munro 1995. The biology of Canadian weeds 79:272-281.
  16. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  17. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  18. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  19. Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  20. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Veratrum viride Aiton :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?41142. Accessed 20 June 2018.