Taxon: Actaea racemosa L.

 
Genus: Actaea
    Section: Actaea
Family: Ranunculaceae
  Subfamily: Ranunculoideae
      Tribe: Actaeeae
Nomen number: 411899
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:504. 1753
Name Verified on: 17-Sep-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Jun-2006
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 42 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard, as Cimicifuga racemosa; Eur Gard F, as Cimicifuga racemosa)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce, as Cimicifuga racemosa; Ency CNatIn, as C. racemosa; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Missouri
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Massachusetts, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia, - District of Columbia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Chopra, D. & D. Simon The Chopra Center herbal handbook: forty natural prescriptions for perfect health. 2000 (Chopra Herbal)
  • Compton, J. A. et al. 1998. Reclassification of Actaea to include Cimicifuga and Souliea (Ranunculaceae): phylogeny inferred from morphology, nrDNA ITS, and cpDNA trnL-F sequence variation (Taxon) 47:613.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Medicinal plants in China: a selection of 150 commonly used species. WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series no. 2. 1989 (Med Pl China)
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Lyke, J. Appendix D. Medicinal plants native to the United States: indicators of rarity and threat. 2001 (Med Pl Native US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mills, S. & K. Bone Principles and practice of phytotherapy: modern herbal medicine. 1999 (Prin Phytotherapy)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Zerega, N. C. et al. 2002. Using amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLP) to identify black cohosh (Actaea racemosa) Econ. Bot. 56:154-164.

Synonyms:

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