Taxon: Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.

Genus: Opuntia
Family: Cactaceae
  Subfamily: Opuntioideae
      Tribe: Opuntieae
Nomen number: 413803
Place of publication: Med. fl. 2:247. 1830
Name Verified on: 10-Jun-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Aug-2003
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Weed: (fide Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Montana
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Anderson, E. F. The cactus family. 2001 (Cact Fam) 501.
  • Benson, L. The cacti of the United States and Canada. 1982 (Cact US Can)
  • CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. 1990-1993 (F NSWales)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Hosking, J. R. et al. 1988. Distribution and biological control of cactus species in eastern Australia Pl. Protect. Quart. 3:118.
  • Hunt, D. CITES Cactaceae checklist. 1992 (CITES Cact L)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Leuenberger, B. E. 1993. Interpretation and typification of Cactus opuntia L., Opuntia vulgaris Mill., and O. humifusa (Rafin.) Rafin. (Cactaceae) (Taxon) 42:426.
  • Lyke, J. Appendix D. Medicinal plants native to the United States: indicators of rarity and threat. 2001 (Med Pl Native US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)


Check other web resources for Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image