Taxon: Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm.

Genus: Opuntia
Family: Cactaceae
  Subfamily: Opuntioideae
      Tribe: Opuntieae
Nomen number: 414086
Place of publication: A. Gray, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6:208. 1850
Comment: has equal priority with O. lindheimeri Engelm., but first united in 1856 by Engelmann under name of O. engelmannii
Name Verified on: 16-Jul-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Oct-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • cactus-apple  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • cowtongue cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • cowtongue prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • desert prickly-pear  (Source: Fla Entomol) - English
  • discus prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • Engelmann's prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • few-spine marble-fruit prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • tuna  (Source: Cact Fam) - English

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Fla Entomol 84:484. 2001)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Oklahoma
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas, - Zacatecas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Louisiana
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Guanajuato, - Hidalgo, - Queretaro
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere


    . also cult.


  • Anderson, E. F. The cactus family. 2001 (Cact Fam) 497.
  • CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Irish, M. 2001. The ornamental prickly pear industry in the southwestern United States Florida Entomol. 84:484.
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Parfitt, B. D. & D. J. Pinkava 1988. Nomenclatural and systematic reassessment of Opuntia engelmannii and O. lindheimeri (Cactaceae) Madroño 35:342-349.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)

Check other web resources for Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm. :