Taxon: Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.

 
Genus: Vicia
  Subgenus: Vicilla
    Section: Ervum
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Fabeae
Nomen number: 41583
Place of publication: Spic. fl. lips. 26. 1771
Name Verified on: 05-Oct-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 18-Aug-2004
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 28 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • four-seed vetch  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • lentil tare  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • slender vetch  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • smooth tare  (Source: F BritStace) - English
  • smooth vetch   - English
  • sparrow vetch  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • kasuma-gusa  (Source: F Okin) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • sparvvicker  (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn) - Swedish
  • gorošek četyrechsemjannyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Enneking 1995)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Checheno-Ingushetia, - Dagestan, - Kabardino-Balkaria, - Karachay-Cherkessia, - Krasnodar, - North Ossetia, - Stavropol
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Ryukyu Islands, - Shikoku; Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Buryatia, - Gorno-Altay, - Khakassia, - Tuva, - Altay, - Krasnoyarsk, - Kemerovo, - Kurgan, - Novosibirsk, - Omsk, - Sverdlovsk, - Tomsk, - Tyumen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Israel; Jordan; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - Bashkortostan, - Belgorod, - Bryansk, - Chuvashia, - Ivanovo, - Kaliningrad, - Kaluga, - Kirov, - Kostroma, - Kursk, - Leningrad, - Lipetsk, - Mari-El, - Mordvinia, - Moscow, - Novgorod, - Orel, - Orenburg, - Penza, - Pskov, - Rostov, - Ryazan, - Saratov, - Smolensk, - Tambov, - Tatarstan, - Tula, - Udmurtia, - Ulyanovsk, - Vladimir, - Volgograd, - Vologda, - Voronezh, - Yaroslavl; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Malta; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. elsewhere

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Allkin, R. et al. 1986. Names and synonyms of species and subspecies in the Vicieae: issue 3 (Vicieae DP) 7:71.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Enneking, D. 1995. The toxicity of Vicia species and their utilization as grain legumes 4.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hermann, F. J. 1960. Vetches of the United States - native, naturalized and cultivated U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 168:41.
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  • Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS Plantae asiae centralis. 1963- (F CAsia)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. 1975-1979 (F Taiwan)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. 1979-1981 (F Tunis)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Raynaud, C. 1976. Monographie et iconographie du genre Vicia L. au Maroc Bull. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V. 1:169.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974 (SF Egypt)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Yakovlev, G. P. et al. Legumes of Northern Eurasia. 1996 (Leg NEurasia)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image