Taxon: Viola cucullata Aiton

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
  Subfamily: Violoideae
      Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 41706
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 3:288. 1789
Name Verified on: 13-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Feb-2004
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia, - District of Columbia

  • Naturalized:

  • Europe

    • : Europe

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Britton, N. L. & A. Brown An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions, ed. 3. 1952 (IllF N US Can)
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  • Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. 1940 (F Indiana)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Fernald, M. L. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8. 1950 (Grays Man)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol. 1979-1981 (Aquat SE US)
  • Hinds, H. R. Flora of New Brunswick, ed. 2. 2000 (F New Brunswick)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. 1955 (F IllJones)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McKinney, L. E. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (Viola) of North America. 1992 (Blue Violets NA)
  • McKinney, L. E. & N. H. Russell 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States (Castanea) 67:377.
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. 1967- (F Ohio)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Rhoads, A. F. & W. M. Klein, Jr. The vascular flora of Pennsylvannia. Annotated checklist and atlas. 1993 (L Penn)
  • Russell, N. H. 1965. Violets (Viola) of central and eastern United States: An introductory survey (Sida) 2:24.
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. 1978 (F WVa)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Viola cucullata Aiton :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola cucullata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.