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Taxon: Viola cucullata Aiton

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 41706
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 3:288. 1789
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 6 (4 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore;

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Minnesota (e.), Missouri, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]


    Naturalized

    Europe
    • Europe


References:

  1. Britton, N. L. & A. Brown. 1952. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions, ed. 3.
  2. Browne, E. T. & R. Athey. 1992. Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist Note: = Viola obliqua Hill
  3. Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana.
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage Note: = Viola obliqua Hill
  5. Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8.
  6. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  7. Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1979-1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol.
  8. Hinds, H. R. 2000. Flora of New Brunswick, ed. 2.
  9. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: = Viola obliqua Hill
  10. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  13. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  14. McKinney, L. E. & N. H. Russell. 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 67:377.
  15. McKinney, L. E. 1992. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (Viola) of North America
  16. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  17. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas
  18. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  19. Rhoads, A. F. & W. M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvannia. Annotated checklist and atlas. Note: American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia
  20. Russell, N. H. 1965. Violets (Viola) of central and eastern United States: An introductory survey. Sida 2:24.
  21. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  22. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  23. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: = Viola obliqua Hill
  25. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  26. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Violaceae&GenusID=Viola&SpeciesID=cucullata target='_blank'
  27. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Viola cucullata Aiton :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola cucullata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?41706. Accessed 18 February 2020.