Taxon: Vitex negundo L.

Genus: Vitex
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
  Subfamily: Viticoideae
Nomen number: 41831
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:638. 1753
Name Verified on: 19-Dec-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Dec-1995
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; F Ceylon)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Ceylon; F ChinaEng; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):501. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:457. 2004)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Anhui, - Fujian, - Gansu, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hainan, - Hebei, - Henan, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangsu, - Jiangxi, - Nei Monggol, - Ningxia, - Shaanxi, - Shandong, - Shanxi, - Sichuan, - Xizang, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India - Andhra Pradesh, - Assam, - Bihar, - Delhi, - Gujarat, - Haryana, - Himachal Pradesh, - Jammu and Kashmir, - Karnataka, - Kerala, - Madhya Pradesh, - Maharashtra, - Orissa, - Punjab, - Rajasthan, - Sikkim, - Tamil Nadu, - Tripura, - Uttar Pradesh, - West Bengal; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java, - Lesser Sunda Islands, - Sumatra; Malaysia - Malacca, - Penang, - Sarawak, - Selangor; Philippines - Luzon, - Masbate
    • North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd.


    . widely cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Cheung, Siu-cheong & Ning-hon Li, eds. Chinese medicinal herbs of Hong Kong. 1978- (Chin Med Herb HK)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Medicinal plants in China: a selection of 150 commonly used species. WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series no. 2. 1989 (Med Pl China)
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:447.
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):501.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Tirtha, SadaShiva The Ayurveda encyclopedia: Natural secrets to healing, prevention, and longevity. 1998 (Ayurveda Ency)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

Check other web resources for Vitex negundo L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.