Taxon: Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H. Wendl.

Genus: Washingtonia
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Trachycarpeae
Subtribe: Livistoninae
Nomen number: 41967
Place of publication: Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 37:lxi. 1879
Link to protologue:
Comment: this combination appears only in the index to the journal, not in Wendland's article, to which the index entry (p. 68) refers
Name Verified on: 16-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Feb-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • American cotton palm  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • California fan palm  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • California washingtonia  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • cotton palm  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • desert fan palm  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • petticoat palm  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Washington palm  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • palmier évantail de Californie  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • kalifornische Washingtonpalme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Baja Norte
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California

  • Naturalized

  • Northern America

    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Nevada

  • Cultivated


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  • Abbiw, D. K. Useful plants of Ghana. 1990 (Use Pl Ghana)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Glassman, S. F. 1972. A revision of B. E. Dahlgren's Index of American palms Phanerog. Monogr. 6:1-294.
  • Govaerts, R. & J. Dransfield World checklist of palms. 2005 (L Palms)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms (Principes) 7:170,182.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Uhl, N. W. & J. Dransfield Genera palmarum: a classification of palms based on the work of Harold E. Moore, Jr. 1987 (Gen Palm)


Check other web resources for Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H. Wendl. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image