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Taxon: Zanthoxylum americanum Mill.

 
Genus: Zanthoxylum
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Toddalioideae
Nomen number: 42186
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Zanthoxylum no. 2. 1768
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 25-Aug-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jun-1999
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 4 (3 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as "Xanthoxylum")

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Quebec (s.w.), Ontario (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska (e. & c.), North Dakota (e.), Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/zant-ame.htm), South Dakota (e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida (Gadsden & Levy Cos.), Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland (w.), South Carolina, Virginia (s.w.)]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. American Herbal Products Association Herbs of commerce. 1992 (Herbs Commerce)
  3. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:190.
  4. Clewell, A. F. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. 1985 (F FlaPan)
  5. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  6. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  7. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  8. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  9. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  10. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  11. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  12. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  13. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  14. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  15. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  17. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  18. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  19. Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  20. Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  21. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  22. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  23. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  24. Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource). (F Wisconsin)
  25. Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. (Atlas Penn)
  26. Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida. 1982 (F CFla)

Check other web resources for Zanthoxylum americanum Mill. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?42186. Accessed 21 October 2018.