Taxon: Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.

Genus: Ziziphus
Family: Rhamnaceae
      Tribe: Paliureae
Nomen number: 42295
Place of publication: Fl. atlant. 1:201. 1798 Jun (Willd., Sp. pl. 1:1105. 1798 July)
Name Verified on: 06-Sep-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-1998
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cameroun. 1963- (F Cameroun)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)
  • Zohary, M. et al. Conspectus florae orientalis. 1980- (L Orient)


Check other web resources for Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.