Taxon: Panax trifolius L.

Genus: Panax
  Subgenus: Trifolius
Family: Araliaceae
  Subfamily: Aralioideae
Nomen number: 423802
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1059. 1753
Name Verified on: 17-May-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Apr-2009
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Minnesota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia


  • Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown Herbaceous plants of Maryland. 1984 (HPl Mary)
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  • Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. 1940 (F Indiana)
  • Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist. 1981 (L Georgia)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Araliaceae. 2004 (L Araliaceae)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. 1967- (F Ohio)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. 1978 (F WVa)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Wen, J. 2001. Species diversity, nomenclature, phylogeny, biogeography, and classification of the ginseng genus (Panax L., Araliaceae) (Proc Int Ginseng Wp) 73.

Check other web resources for Panax trifolius L. :


  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image