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Taxon: Viola palmata L.

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 429921
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:933. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 13-Jan-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 16 (15 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • crowfoot violet  (Source: L New Mex) - English
  • early blue violet  (Source: F Florida) - English
  • Lovell violet  (Source: F NC Tex) - English
  • palmate-leaf violet  (Source: F WVa) - English
  • plains violet  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • tri-lobe violet  (Source: F NC Tex) - English
  • whorled violet  (Source: L New Mex) - English
  • wild okra  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • wood violet  (Source: F GPlains) - English
  • kikuba-sumire  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • kuwagata-sumire  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan (s.e.), New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont (s.), West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska (e.), Oklahoma (e.)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico (s.e.), Texas]


References:

  1. Allred, Kelly W. 2008. Flora Neomexicana I: The vascular plants of New Mexico, an annotated checklist to the names of vascular plants with synonymy and bibliography.
  2. Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. 1999. Shinner's and Mahler's illustrated flora of North Central Texas.
  3. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  4. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  5. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  6. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  7. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  8. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  9. McKinney, L. E. & N. H. Russell. 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 67:377.
  10. McKinney, L. E. 1992. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (Viola) of North America
  11. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  12. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  13. Russell, N. H. 1965. Violets (Viola) of central and eastern United States: An introductory survey. Sida 2:46.
  14. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  15. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  16. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  17. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Violaceae&GenusID=Viola&SpeciesID=palmata target='_blank'
  18. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida

Check other web resources for Viola palmata L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola palmata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?429921. Accessed 18 February 2020.