Taxon: Viola palmata L.

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 429921
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:933. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 13-Jan-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Jan-2003
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • crowfoot violet  (Source: L New Mex) - English
  • early blue violet  (Source: F Florida) - English
  • Lovell violet  (Source: F NC Tex) - English
  • palmate-leaf violet  (Source: F WVa) - English
  • plains violet  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • tri-lobe violet  (Source: F NC Tex) - English
  • whorled violet  (Source: L New Mex) - English
  • wild okra  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • wood violet  (Source: F GPlains) - English
  • kikuba-sumire  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • kuwagata-sumire  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan (s.e.), New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont (s.), West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska (e.), Oklahoma (e.)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Violaceae&GenusID=Viola&SpeciesID=palmata), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico (s.e.), Texas]


References:

  1. Allred, Kelly W. Flora Neomexicana I: The vascular plants of New Mexico, an annotated checklist to the names of vascular plants with synonymy and bibliography. (L New Mex)
  2. Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. Shinner's and Mahler's illustrated flora of North Central Texas. (F NC Tex)
  3. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  4. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  5. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  6. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  7. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  8. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  9. McKinney, L. E. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (Viola) of North America. 1992 (Blue Violets NA)
  10. McKinney, L. E. & N. H. Russell 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States (Castanea) 67:377.
  11. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  12. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  13. Russell, N. H. 1965. Violets (Viola) of central and eastern United States: An introductory survey (Sida) 2:46.
  14. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  15. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. (F WVa)
  16. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  17. Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)

Check other web resources for Viola palmata L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola palmata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?429921. Accessed 25 April 2018.