Taxon: Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino

 
Genus: Arthraxon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 4302
Place of publication: Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26:214. 1912
Name Verified on: 23-Jul-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • jointhead  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • small carpet grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • kobuna-gusa  (Source: Grass Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: (fide F Ceylon)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye, - Amur
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand
    • Malesia: Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Iran
  • Northern America

    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, - Ohio, - West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Florida, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Colima
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Guadeloupe; Jamaica
    • Central America: Central America; Costa Rica - Alajuela; Guatemala - Quezaltenango; Honduras - Francisco Morazan; Nicaragua - Matagalpa
    • Northern South America: Venezuela - Portuguesa, - Trujillo

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
  • Brown, L. E. & J. Schultz 1991. Arthraxon hispidus (Poaceae), new to Texas (Phytologia) 71:379-381.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Chung, I.-C. Korean Grasses. 1965 (Grass Korea)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Dorr, L. J. & S. M. Niño 2001. Arthraxon (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) new to South America (Sida) 19:1191-1193.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Hamzeh'ee, B. & A. Naqinezhad 2009. Arthraxon P. Beauv. (Gramineae) and Carex caryophyllea (Cyperaceae), new genus and species records from Iran Iranian J. Bot. 15:68-71.
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. 1950 (Grass US)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  • Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • National Herbarium of New South Wales Flora of New South Wales. 1961-1984 (F NSW)
  • Pullaiah, T. et al. Flora of Andhra Pradesh (India). 1997-1998 (F Andhra Prad)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  • Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2) Flora Madhya Pradesh. 1993- (F Madhya Prad)
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  • Welzen, P. C. van 1981. A taxonomic revision of the genus Arthraxon Beauv. (Gramineae) (Blumea) 27:266.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

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