Taxon: Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino

Genus: Arthraxon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Arthraxoninae
Nomen number: 4302
Place of publication: Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26:214. 1912
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Jul-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • jointhead  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • small carpet grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • kobuna-gusa  (Source: Grass Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: (fide F Ceylon)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea ; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Amur, Primorye
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan ; India
    • Indo-China: Myanmar ; Thailand
    • Malesia: Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia New South Wales, Queensland

  • Naturalized

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Iran
  • Northern America

    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Chiapas, Colima
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Guadeloupe ; Jamaica
    • Central America: Central America ; Costa Rica Alajuela; Guatemala Quezaltenango; Honduras Francisco Morazan; Nicaragua Matagalpa
    • Northern South America: Venezuela Portuguesa, Trujillo


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  • Brown, L. E. & J. Schultz 1991. Arthraxon hispidus (Poaceae), new to Texas (Phytologia) 71:379-381.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • Chung, I.-C. Korean Grasses. (Grass Korea)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  • Dorr, L. J. & S. M. Niño 2001. Arthraxon (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) new to South America (Sida) 19:1191-1193.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Hamzeh'ee, B. & A. Naqinezhad 2009. Arthraxon P. Beauv. (Gramineae) and Carex caryophyllea (Cyperaceae), new genus and species records from Iran Iranian J. Bot. 15:68-71.
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  • Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • National Herbarium of New South Wales Flora of New South Wales. (F NSW)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Pullaiah, T. et al. Flora of Andhra Pradesh (India). (F Andhra Prad)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  • Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  • Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2) Flora Madhya Pradesh. (F Madhya Prad)
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  • Welzen, P. C. van 1981. A taxonomic revision of the genus Arthraxon Beauv. (Gramineae) (Blumea) 27:266.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino :