Taxon: Viola adunca Sm.

 
Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae
  Subfamily: Violoideae
      Tribe: Violeae
Nomen number: 430434
Place of publication: A. Rees, Cycl. 37: Viola no. 63. 1817
Name Verified on: 03-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Oct-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • blue violet  (Source: F Utah ed2) - English
  • early-blue violet  (Source: F Alberta) - English
  • hook-spur violet  (Source: F Yukon) - English
  • sand violet  (Source: F Mich) - English
  • western dog violet  (Source: F CalifJep) - English

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Minnesota, - North Dakota, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New York, - Vermont
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; Greenland; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

References:

  • Cody, W. J. Flora of the Yukon Territory. 1996 (F Yukon)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Holmgren, N. H. 1992. Two new species of Viola (Violaceae from the intermountain west, USA (Brittonia) 44:304.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles Arizona flora, ed. 2. 1969 (F Ariz)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Moss, E. H. & J. G. Packer Flora of Alberta, ed. 2. 1983 (F Alberta)
  • Russell, N. H. 1965. Violets (Viola) of central and eastern United States: An introductory survey (Sida) 2:8.
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Welsh, S. L. Anderson's flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada. 1974 (F AlaskaAnd)
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. 1993 (F Utah ed2)

Check other web resources for Viola adunca Sm. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Viola adunca cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.