Taxon: Manihot esculenta Crantz

Genus: Manihot
Family: Euphorbiaceae
  Subfamily: Crotonoideae
      Tribe: Manihoteae
Nomen number: 431678
Place of publication: Inst. rei herb. 1:167. 1766
Name Verified on: 05-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Mar-2003
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 21 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Distributional Range:


  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Acre, - Amazonas, - Goias, - Mato Grosso, - Para, - Amapa, - Rondonia, - Roraima, - Tocantins
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela - Amazonas
    • Western South America: Bolivia - La Paz; Peru - Loreto, - San Martin

  • Cultivated:

    . cult. throughout tropics


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allem, A. C. 1994. The origin of Manihot esculenta Crantz (Euphorbiaceae) Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 41:133-150.
  • Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Olsen, K. M. & B. A. Schaal 2001. Microsatellite variation in cassava (Manihot esculenta, Euphorbiaceae) and its wild relatives: further evidence for a southern Amazonian origin of domestication Amer. J. Bot. 88:131-142.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rogers, D. J. & S. G. Appan 1973. Manihot, Manihotoides (Euphorbiaceae) Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 13:25-34.

Check other web resources for Manihot esculenta Crantz :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image