Taxon: Arundo donax L.

 
Genus: Arundo
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
      Tribe: Arundineae
Nomen number: 4439
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:81. 1753
Name Verified on: 29-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 47 in National Plant Germplasm System

Other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Fuels: potential as biomass for energy generation (fide Ann Appl Biol 157:191. 2010)
  • Materials: cane (for making baskets, musical instrument reeds (oboes, D. Farr, p.c.), & other articles fide F Eur)
  • Materials: fiber (fide F NAmer)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • China: China - Zhejiang, - Fujian, - Hunan, - Jiangsu, - Guangdong, - Guizhou, - Sichuan, - Yunnan, - Xizang, - Hainan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Syria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • : Africa; Canada; Mexico; United States
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Turkey
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Middle Europe: Hungary; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • : Africa; Canada; Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Central America: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Nicaragua
    • Northern South America: Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Ahmad, R. et al. 2008. Molecular evidence for a single genetic clone of invasive Arundo donax in the United States Aquatic Bot. 88:113-120.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
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  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
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  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
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  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
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