Taxon: Epipactis gigantea Douglas

Genus: Epipactis
Family: Orchidaceae
  Subfamily: Epidendroideae
      Tribe: Neottieae
Nomen number: 448137
Place of publication: W. J. Hooker, Fl. bor.-amer. 2:202, t. 202. 1839
  • • authorship verified from original literature
  • • both the name and its validating diagnosis were simultaneously ascribed to Douglas, so he is the author of the name (see Melbourne ICN Art. 46, Ex. 9)
Name Verified on: 20-May-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Oklahoma, - South Dakota
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, - Baja Sur
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Lyke, J. Appendix D. Medicinal plants native to the United States: indicators of rarity and threat. 2001 (Med Pl Native US)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)

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