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Taxon: Fagopyrum cymosum (Trevir.) Meisn.

Genus: Fagopyrum
Family: Polygonaceae
Subfamily: Polygonoideae
Tribe: Fagopyreae
Nomen number: 448824
Place of publication: N. Wallich, Pl. asiat. rar. 3:63. 1832
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 07-Feb-2017 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 07-Feb-2017
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • golden buckwheat  (Source: Trends Food Sci) - English
  • tall buckwheat  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • grano saraceno perenne  (Source: pers. comm.) - Italian
  • jin qiao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (as Fagopyrum acutatum)
  • Environmental:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, Henan, Hunan, Hubei, Gansu (s.), Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Xizang]

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, [Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim] Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Vietnam


    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.e.)


    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku]

    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • Europe


  1. Chen, Q.-F. 1999. Hybridization between Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) species native to China Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 131:177-185.
  2. Chen, Q.-F. et al. 2004. A study of cytology, isozyme, and interspecific hybridization on the big-achene group of buckwheat species (Fagopyrum, Polygonaceae) Crop Sci. (Madison) 44:1511-1518.
  3. Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa Flora of Himachal Pradesh. (F Himachal)
  4. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1956. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. (Wealth India RM) 4:1.
  5. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  6. Hajra, P. K. et al., eds. Materials for the flora of Arunachal Pradesh. (F Arun Prad)
  7. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  8. Kishima, Y. et al. 1995. Chloroplast DNA analysis in buckwheat species: phylogenetic relationships, origin of the reproductive systems and extended inverted repeats Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 108:173-179.
  9. Ronse Decraene, L.-P. et al. 2000. Systematic significance of fruit morphology and anatomy in tribes Persicarieae and Polygoneae (Polygonaceae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134:335.
  10. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  11. Yamane, K. et al. 2003. Intraspecific cpDNA variations of diploid and tetraploid perennial buckwheat, Fagopyrum cymosum (Polygonaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 90:339-346.
  12. Yamane, K. et al. 2004. Speciation of Fagopyrum tataricum inferred from molecular data Proceed. 9th Internat. Symp. Buckwheat 317-322.
  13. Yasui, Y. & O. Ohnishi 1998. Phylogenetic relationships among Fagopyrum species revealed by the nucleotide sequences of the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA gene Genes Genet. Systems 73:201-210.
  14. Zhou, M.-L. et al. 2012. Genetic diversity of four new species related to southwestern Sichuan buckwheats as revealed by karyotype, ISSR and allozyme characterization Pl. Syst. Evol. 298:751-759.
  15. Zhou, M.-L. et al. 2014. Phylogenetic relationship of four new species related to southwestern Sichuan Fagopyrum based on morphological and molecular characterization Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 57:403-409.

Check other web resources for Fagopyrum cymosum (Trevir.) Meisn. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?448824. Accessed 22 March 2019.