Taxon: Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry

Genus: Syzygium
Family: Myrtaceae
  Subfamily: Myrtoideae
      Tribe: Syzygieae
Nomen number: 50069
Place of publication: Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts ser. 2, 18:196. 1939
Name Verified on: 17-Mar-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-May-2007
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (major source of cloves fide F Ceylon)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as,)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Social: smoking material (component of Kretak cigarettes fide Ency CNatIn)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia - Moluccas

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult. in paleotropics


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • León, B. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:257.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)


Check other web resources for Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.