Taxon: Agave lechuguilla Torr.

Genus: Agave
Family: Asparagaceae
  Subfamily: Agavoideae
Nomen number: 5454
Place of publication: W. H. Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. bound. 2(1):213. 1859 "lecheguilla"
Name Verified on: 11-Apr-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Feb-2009
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Tampico fiber  (Source: Agave NAmer) - English
  • Ixtlefaser  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • ixtle de lechuguilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • lechuguilla  (Source: Agave NAmer) - Spanish
  • mescal lechuguilla  (Source: Agave NAmer) - Spanish
  • tula ixtle  (Source: Pl Book) - Spanish (Mexico)

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: fiber (principal source of ixtle or Tampico fiber fide Gentry 1982)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock fide Kingsbury; Agave ANAmer)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Tamaulipas, - Zacatecas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Federal District, - Hidalgo


  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Gentry, H. S. 1972. The agave family in Sonora U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 399:9,22.
  • Gentry, H. S. 1982. Agaves of continental North America. 1982 (Agave NAmer) 154-157.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Silva-Montellano, A. & L. E. Eguiarte 2003. Geographic patterns in the reproductive ecology of Agave lechuguilla (Agavaceae) in the Chihuahuan Desert. II. Genetic variation, differentiation, and inbreeding estimates Amer. J. Bot. 90:700-706.

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