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Taxon: Atriplex patula L.

 
Genus: Atriplex
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Subfamily: Chenopodioideae
Tribe: Chenopodieae
Nomen number: 6034
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1053. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (3 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • common orache  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • spear orach  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • spear orache  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • spear-scale  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • spreading orache  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • spreading atriplex  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • arroche étalée  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • spreizende Melde  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • vägmålla  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • cao di bin li  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (rare), Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (w.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Buenos Aires, Santa Fe] Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Black, J. M. 1943-1957. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  5. Cabrera, A. L. & E. M. Zardini. 1978. Manual de la flora de los alrededores de Buenos Aires.
  6. Cabrera, A. L., ed. 1965-1970. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires.
  7. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  8. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  9. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 84.
  10. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  11. Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist.
  12. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  13. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  14. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  15. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  16. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  17. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  18. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  19. Harrington, H. 1954. Manual of the plants of Colorado.
  20. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  21. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  22. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  23. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  24. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2.
  25. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  26. Navas-Bustamante, L. E. 1973-1979. Flora de la cuenca de Santiago de Chile.
  27. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  28. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  29. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  30. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  31. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  32. Sukhorukov, A. P. 2006. Zur Systematik und Chorologie der in Russland und benachbarten Staaten (in den Grenzen der ehemaligen UdSSR) vorkommenden Atriplex-Arten (Chenopodiaceae). Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 108B:342-344.
  33. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  34. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  37. Welsh, S. L. & G. Moore. 1973. Utah plants
  38. Willis, J. H. 1970-1972. A handbook to plants in Victoria.
  39. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Atriplex patula L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?6034. Accessed 17 September 2019.