Taxon: Azadirachta indica A. Juss.

Genus: Azadirachta
Family: Meliaceae
Nomen number: 6161
Place of publication: Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 19:221, t. 2, fig. 5. 1832
Name Verified on: 26-Aug-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide F Males 12:342. 1995)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Materials: lipids (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:72. 1997)
  • Materials: wood (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:72. 1997)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: disease vector control (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:72. 1997)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: plant pest control (fide F Males 12:343. 1995; Pl Res SEAs 11:72. 1997)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range obscure


  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India
    • Indo-China: Myanmar

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • : Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • Northern South America: Guyana

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • : Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Malaysia
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • Northern South America: Guyana


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials (revised edition). New Delhi. 1985-1992 (Wealth India RM ed2)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 11:71-76.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Jacobs, M. 1961. The generic identity of Melia excelsa Jack Gard. Bull. Singapore 18:74.
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  • Koul, O. et al. 1990. Properties and uses of neem, Azadirachta indica Canad. J. Bot. 68:1-11.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Tirtha, SadaShiva The Ayurveda encyclopedia: Natural secrets to healing, prevention, and longevity. 1998 (Ayurveda Ency)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


Check other web resources for Azadirachta indica A. Juss. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image