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Taxon: Azadirachta indica A. Juss.

 
Genus: Azadirachta
Family: Meliaceae
Nomen number: 6161
Place of publication: Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 19:221, t. 2, fig. 5. 1832
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 26-Aug-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 18 (3 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; shade/shelter (fide F Males 12:342. 1995)
  • Fuels:
  • Materials: wood
  • Medicines:
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: plant pest control; plant pest control; plant pest control

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar (n.)


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Malaysia

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius
    • Africa

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  3. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials (revised edition). (Wealth India RM ed2)
  4. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 11:71-76.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  8. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  9. Jacobs, M. 1961. The generic identity of Melia excelsa Jack Gard. Bull. Singapore 18:74.
  10. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  11. Koul, O. et al. 1990. Properties and uses of neem, Azadirachta indica Canad. J. Bot. 68:1-11.
  12. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  13. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  14. National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  15. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  17. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  18. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  19. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1995. Flora malesiana. (F Males) 12:343.

Check other web resources for Azadirachta indica A. Juss. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?6161. Accessed 21 November 2018.