Taxon: Abelmoschus moschatus Medik.

Genus: Abelmoschus
Family: Malvaceae
  Subfamily: Malvoideae
      Tribe: Hibisceae
Nomen number: 623
Place of publication: Malvenfam. 46. 1787
Name Verified on: 09-Mar-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 67 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Pl Res SEAs 19:57. 1999)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as,)
  • Materials: essential oils (source of ambrette oil fide Pl Res SEAs 19:57. 1999)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; CRC MedHerbs ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Hunan, - Jiangxi, - Guangdong, - Guizhou, - Yunnan, - Guangxi
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
    • North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Northern Territory, - Queensland, - Western Australia

  • Naturalized:

  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji

  • Cultivated:

    • : South America
  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java
  • Southern America

    • : South America
    • Mesoamerica: Central America


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bates, D. M. 1968. Notes on the cultivated Malvaceae 2. Abelmoschus (Baileya) 16:104-107.
  • Borssum Waalkes, J. v. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised (Blumea) 14:90-95.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hajra, P. K. et al., eds. Flora of Andaman-Nicobar Islands. 1999- (F Andaman Nicobar)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. 1936- (F Madag)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants (Pl Res SEAs) 19:57-60.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Paul, T. K. & M. P. Nayar 1988. Malvaceae (Fasc F India) 19:77.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Still, S. M. Manual of herbaceous ornamental plants, ed. 4. 1994 (Man HerbPl)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. :

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.