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Taxon: Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile

 
Genus: Balanites
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Subfamily: Tribuloideae
Nomen number: 6322
Place of publication: Descr. Egypte, Hist. nat. 221, t. 28, fig. 1. 1813-1814 ("1812")
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 24-Aug-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Human food: gum/mucilage (fide Kew Bull 56:54-55. 2001); oil/fat (fide Kew Bull 56:54-55. 2001); vegetable (fide Kew Bull 56:54-55. 2001)
  • Materials: essential oils; fiber; gum/resin; tannin/dyestuff
  • Medicines:
  • Non-vertebrate poisons:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Jordan


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India


References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  2. Applequist, W. L. 2014. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 66 (Taxon) 63:1358.
  3. Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Balanites (desert date, lalob) (Lost Crops Afr) 3:23-39.
  4. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  5. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  6. Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  7. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  8. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  9. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  11. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  12. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  13. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  14. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  15. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  16. Robyns, W. et al., eds. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi. 1948-63 (F CongoRB)
  17. Sands, M. J. S. 2001. The desert date and its relatives: a revision of the genus Balanites Kew Bull. 56:51-74.
  18. Sands, M. J. S. 2013. (2138) Proposal to conserve Balanites, nom. cons. (Zygophyllaceae) as being of feminine gender (Taxon) 62:410-411.
  19. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  20. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  21. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?6322. Accessed 17 November 2018.