Taxon: Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.

Genus: Abies
    Section: Balsamea
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 635
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Abies no. 3. 1768
Name Verified on: 05-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Nov-2010
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hortus 3)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide HerbSpices)
  • Materials: fiber (fide AH 519)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide AH 519)
  • Materials: wood (fide AH 519)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Social: religious/secular (Christmas tree and decorations fide AH 519)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New York, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Virginia
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Alberta, - Manitoba

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 1986-1987 (HerbSpices)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Fowells, H. A. Silvics of forest trees of the United States. 1965 (AH 271)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code). 2000 (ICBN St Louis) Art. 23.5, Ex. 5, 6.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


Check other web resources for Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image