Taxon: Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (Mill.) I. M. Johnst.

Genus: Cnidoscolus
Family: Euphorbiaceae
  Subfamily: Crotonoideae
      Tribe: Manihoteae
Nomen number: 70189
Place of publication: Contr. Gray Herb. 68:86. 1923
Name Verified on: 18-Jul-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-May-1997
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • cabbage-star  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • tree-spinach  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • manioc bâtard  (Source: F LAnt) - French
  • chaya  (Source: F Guat) - Spanish
  • copapayo  (Source: F Guat) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide F LAnt; F CostaR; F Guat)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
  • Southern America

    • Central America: Belize; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Burger, W. C., ed. Flora costaricensis. 1971- (F CostaR)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Ross-Ibarra, J. & A. Molina-Cruz 2002. The ethnobotany of chaya (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius ssp. aconitifolius Breckon): a nutritious Maya vegetable Econ. Bot. 56:350-365.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Webster, G. L. & M. J. Huft 1988. Revised synopsis of Panamanian Euphorbiaceae Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75:114.


Check other web resources for Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (Mill.) I. M. Johnst. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.