Taxon: Crotalaria pallida Aiton

Genus: Crotalaria
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Crotalarieae
Nomen number: 70209
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 3:20. 1789
Name Verified on: 12-Sep-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 50 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Crops US; Pl Res SEAs 11:103. 1997)
  • Animal food: forage (grazing fide Leg WorldEc)
  • Vertebrate poisons: birds (fide Kingsbury, as C. mucronata)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury, as C. mucronata)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide State Noxweed Seed)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, - Transvaal; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; Rwanda; Sao Tome and Principe; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Zhejiang, - Fujian, - Hunan, - Guangdong, - Shanxi, - Sichuan, - Yunnan, - Guangxi
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India - Sikkim, - Andhra Pradesh, - Assam, - Bihar, - Gujarat, - Haryana, - Himachal Pradesh, - Jammu and Kashmir, - Kerala, - Madhya Pradesh, - Maharashtra, - Manipur, - Meghalaya, - Nagaland, - Orissa, - Punjab, - Rajasthan, - Tamil Nadu, - Tripura, - Uttar Pradesh, - West Bengal, - Karnataka, - Delhi, - Goa, - Mizoram, - Pondicherry, - Arunachal Pradesh; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; India - Andaman and Nicobar; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. elsewhere in tropics


    . also cult.


  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Bernal M., H. Y. 1986. Crotalaria (Fabaceae - Faboideae) (F Colomb) 4:49.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. The Leguminosae of Madagascar. 2002 (Leg Madag)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 103.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  • Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  • Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Niyomdham, C. 1978. A revision of the genus Crotalaria Linn. (Papilionaceae) in Thailand Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 11:149.
  • Polhill, R. M. 1982. Crotalaria in Africa and Madagascar. 1982 (Crot Afr Madag) 185.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Thulin, M. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223. 1983 (Leg Ethiop)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979 (Leg New Guinea)
  • Yang, C. Y. 1983. On the problems of the classification of Crotalaria in China Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 3(4):102.


Check other web resources for Crotalaria pallida Aiton :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image