Taxon: Elaeis oleifera (Kunth) Cortes

Genus: Elaeis
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
  Subfamily: Arecoideae
      Tribe: Cocoseae
        Subtribe: Elaeidinae
Nomen number: 70242
Place of publication: Fl. columb. 1:203. 1897
Name Verified on: 17-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Mar-2010
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat (locally used in Brazil fide Palms Amazon)
  • Gene sources: potential gene source for African oil palm (fide H. B. Pedersen, pers. comm. 1996)

Distributional Range:


  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Croat, T. B. Flora of Barro Colorado Island. 1978 (F BarroColo)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press. 1989 (Handb Nuts)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Glassman, S. F. 1972. A revision of B. E. Dahlgren's Index of American palms Phanerog. Monogr. 6:1-294.
  • Govaerts, R. & J. Dransfield World checklist of palms. 2005 (L Palms)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Henderson, A. The palms of the Amazon. 1995 (Palms Amazon)
  • Henderson, A. et al. Field guide to the palms of the Americas. 1995 (Palms Amer)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Ithnin, M. et al. Elaeis (Wild Crop Rel Pl Orn) 6:113-124.
  • Jones, D. L. Palms throughout the world. 1994 (Palms World)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms (Principes) 7:140.
  • Pederson, H. B. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). 2001 (F Nicaragua)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)


Check other web resources for Elaeis oleifera (Kunth) Cortes :