Taxon: Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris

 
Genus: Beta
    Section: Beta
Family: Chenopodiaceae
  Subfamily: Betoideae
      Tribe: Beteae
Nomen number: 7057
Comment: [treated here to include B. vulgaris Fodder Beet, Garden Beet, Leaf Beet, and Sugar Beet Groups]
Name Verified on: 24-Mar-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Mar-2009
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 2157 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hortus 3, as B. vulgaris Cicla Group)
  • Human food: sugar (fide CultTropS)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide CultTropS)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Hortus 3)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide http://www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2004/biofuels2004.pdf,)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2, as B. vulgaris; Herbs Commerce ed2, as B. vulgaris subsp. cicla)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Bot J Linn Soc 130:85-87. 1999)

Distributional Range:

    Naturalized:

    • :
  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, - Western Cape
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
  • Northern America

    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - New Hampshire, - New York, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Virginia
  • Southern America

    • Western South America: Ecuador

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

    Adventive:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Libya
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Latvia
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southwestern Europe: France

References:

  • Federal Seed Act and Regulations, Agricultural and Vegetable Kind Lists, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service, Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch. 1998 (Federal Seed Act)
  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Bramwell, D. & Z. Bramwell Wild flowers of the Canary islands. 1974 (Flow Canary)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Ford-Lloyd, B. V. & J. T. Williams 1975. A revision of Beta section Vulgares (Chenopodiaceae), with new light on the origin of cultivated beets Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71:89-102.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit) 1:297.
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hegi, G. et al. 1960. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 3:555.
  • International Energy Agency 2004. Biofuels for transport: an international perspective (web document) 1-216.
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lange, W. et al. 1999. Taxonomy and cultonomy of beet (Beta vulgaris L.) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 130:81-96.
  • Letschert, J. P. W. 1993. Beta section Beta: biogeographical patterns of variation, and taxonomy Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 93-1:32.
  • Letschert, J. P. W. et al. 1994. Taxonomy of Beta section Beta J. Sugar Beet Res. 31:80.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:84.
  • Office of the Union UPOV: International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants. List of the taxa protected by the members of the Union. 2009 (UPOV)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974 (SF Egypt)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.