Taxon: Schinus molle L.

 
Genus: Schinus
Family: Anacardiaceae
  Subfamily: Anacardioideae
Nomen number: 70668
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:388. 1753
Name Verified on: 24-Oct-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Oct-2000
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fruits used after drying fide F Ecuador; F Guat)
  • Environmental: agroforestry (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)
  • Materials: wood (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Rio Grande do Sul, - Santa Catarina
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, - Catamarca, - Corrientes, - Entre Rios, - Jujuy, - La Rioja, - Misiones, - Salta, - San Luis, - Santa Fe, - Tucuman; Chile; Paraguay - Caaguazu, - Guaira, - Itapua, - Misiones; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia - Cochabamba, - La Paz, - Potosi, - Tarija; Ecuador - Azuay, - Chimborazo, - Cotopaxi, - Imbabura, - Loja, - Pichincha, - Tungurahua; Peru - Ancash, - Arequipa, - Ayacucho, - Cajamarca, - Cuzco, - Huanuco, - Ica, - Junin, - La Libertad, - Lima, - Moquegua, - Pasco, - Tacna

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

    Adventive:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Lebanon
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal; Spain

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. 1971- (F Senegal)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Correa, M. N. Flora patagonica. 1969- (F Patag)
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 1986-1987 (HerbSpices)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Killeen, T. J. et al. Guia de arboles de Bolivia. 1993 (Trees Bolivia)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Spichiger, R., ed. Flora del Paraguay. 1985- (F Parag)
  • Standley, P. C. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721. 1920 (TreesS Mex)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Schinus molle L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Schinus molle cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image