Taxon: Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash

Genus: Schizachyrium
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Andropogoninae
Nomen number: 70698
Place of publication: J. K. Small, Fl. s.e. U.S. 59, 1326. 1903
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 08-Feb-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-May-2003
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 125 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (for roadsides & prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hort Rev 39:130. 2012)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for roadsides & prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Environmental: wildlife habitat (for roadsides & prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Grass VarUSA; NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2002)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan

  • Naturalized

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Chile

  • Cultivated

  • Northern America

    • North America ; United States


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16. 1992 (Grass Util Mex)
  • Meyer, M. H. 2012. Chapter 3. Ornamental grasses in the United States Hort. Rev. 39:121-151.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • National Herbarium of New South Wales Flora of New South Wales. (F NSW)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)

Check other web resources for Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash :