Taxon: Fumaria officinalis L.

 
Genus: Fumaria
Family: Papaveraceae
  Subfamily: Fumarioideae
      Tribe: Fumarieae
        Subtribe: Fumariinae
Nomen number: 70905
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:700. 1753
Name Verified on: 28-Nov-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Nov-2001
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : North America; United States
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Jonsell, B., ed. Flora nordica. 2000 (F Nordica)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lidén, M. 1986. Synopsis of Fumarioideae with a monograph of the tribe Fumarieae Opera Bot. 88:82.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Fumaria officinalis L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image