Taxon: Galium verum L.

Genus: Galium
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Rubieae
Nomen number: 70981
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:107. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Dec-2001
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide Dye Pl)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Glea Cron ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Iraq ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Cannon, J. & M. Cannon Dye plants and dyeing. The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1994 (Dye Pl)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. (F InnMong)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  • Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2 Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). (F Chiangsu)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)

Check other web resources for Galium verum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.