Taxon: Betula papyrifera Marshall

Genus: Betula
Subgenus: Betula
Section: Betula
Family: Betulaceae
Subfamily: Betuloideae
Nomen number: 7122
Place of publication: Arbust. amer. 19. 1785
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Sep-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Sep-2015
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 17 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide Trees US)
  • Materials: fiber (for veneer, wood pulp, fide Trees US)
  • Materials: wood (for veneer, wood pulp, fide Trees US)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Virginia
    • Subarctic America: Canada Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ashburner, K. & H. A. McAllister The genus Betula, a taxonomic revision of birches. 2013 (Gen Betula) 337-342.
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Fagales. 1998 (L Fagales)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Welsh, S. L. Anderson's flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada. (F AlaskaAnd)


Check other web resources for Betula papyrifera Marshall :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image